Retina specialists are medical doctors that have specialized in ophthalmology and sub-specialized in diseases and surgery of the vitreous body of the eye and retina. They have received one or two years of additional training in the diagnosis, medical treatment, and surgical treatment of disorders of the retina, macula, and vitreous.
A retina specialists training typically includes at least:
- 4 years of medical school
- 1 year Internship
- 3 years as a ophthalmology residence
- 1 to 2 years of a retina-vitreous fellowship
Retina specialists use highly technical equipment and testing to perform detailed eye examinations in order to diagnose retinal and vitreous diseases. They may work in hospitals and clinics treating both children and adults with a wide variety of eye conditions.
Some of the conditions and diseases treated by retinal specialists include:
- Age-related macular degeneration
- Retinal Detachment
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Macular hole/pucker
Retinal specialists also treat patients with severe eye trauma and may consult cases where hereditary eye diseases exist.